Tutorial on quantifying species detection probabilities during surveillance with stan in R

A practical question in species surveillance is “How much search effort is required for detection?”. This can be quantified under controlled conditions where the number and location of target species are known and participants are recruited to see how success rate varies. Let’s use an example of an easter egg hunt where the adult (the researcher) wants to quantify how much effort it takes a child (the participant) to find an easter egg.

Bayesian and frequentist approaches to binomial dose responses in R

For a given species, a simple mortality response to environmental conditions can represented with the probabilistic outcome (death), which occurs with probabilty (p). This simple process is know as a Bernoulli random variable. A motivating example is how a pest responds to increasing doses of a pesticide. Invertebrate pests cause 10-20% of yield losses in modern food systems. While cultural practices such as crop rotatation and biological control through beneficial insects increasingly form a core component of effective and sustainable management, pesticides remain a widely used tool.